This experiment is aimed to study the operation of single phase fully controlled converter using R and R-L load by observing the output waveforms. The circuit is implemented in simulation as well as hardware and the performance is studied.

A fully controlled converter or full converter uses thyristors only and there is a wider control over the level of dc output voltage. With pure resistive load, it is single quadrant converter. Here, both the output voltage and output current are positive. With RL- load it becomes a two-quadrant converter. Here, output voltage is either positive or negative but output current is always positive.

Figure shows the quadrant operation of fully controlled bridge rectifier with R-load. Fig shows single phase fully controlled rectifier with resistive load. This type of full wave rectifier circuit consists of four SCRs. During the positive half cycle, SCRs T1 and T2 are forward biased. At ωt = α, SCRs T1 and T3 are triggered, then the current flows through the L – T1- R load – T3 – N. At ωt = π, supply voltage falls to zero and the current also goes to zero. Hence SCRs T1 and T3 turned off.

During negative half cycle (π to 2π), SCRs T3 and T4 forward biased. At ωt = π + α, SCRs T2 and T4 are triggered, then current flows through the path N – T2 – R load- T4 – L. At ωt = 2π, supply voltage and current goes to zero, SCRs T2 and T4 are turned off. The Fig-2, shows the current and voltage waveforms for this circuit.

For large power dc loads, 3-phase ac to dc converters are commonly used. The various types of three-phase phase-controlled converters are 3 phase half-wave converter, 3-phase semi converter, 3-phase full controlled and 3-phase dual converter. Three-phase half-wave converter is rarely used in industry because it introduces dc component in the supply current. Semi converters and full converters are quite common in industrial applications. A dual is used only when reversible dc drives with power ratings of several MW are required.

The advantages of three phase converters over single-phase converters are as under:

- In 3-phase converters, the ripple frequency of the converter output voltage is higher than in single-phase converter. Consequently, the filtering requirements for smoothing out the load current are less.
- The load current is mostly continuous in 3-phase converters. The load performance, when 3-phase converters are used, is therefore superior as compared to when single-phase converters are used.

Vout = (2Vs)(Cosα) / π

Iavg = Vavg / R

To simulate Single phase fully controlled converter with R load in MATLAB Simulink

Implement the 1-phase fully controlled full wave rectifier with the R load of 12.5 Ω and observe the changes in the output voltage waveform at different firing angles. (Input voltage: 50V Peak = 35.35V (RMS) and 50Hz)

To simulate Single phase fully controlled converter with RL load in MATLAB Simulink

Implement the 1-phase fully controlled full wave rectifier with the R load of 12.5 Ω and L of 6mH and observe the changes in the output voltage waveform at different firing angles. (Input voltage: 50V Peak = 35.35V (RMS) and 50Hz)

- Connect the circuit as shown in above figure (with R load (R=12.5 ohms)).
- Switch ON the MCB of 3Ø supply on the Left hand side of your Experimental Table.
- Switch ON the MCB on the POWER MODULE kit.
- Switch ON the MCB on the SCR-Diode Power module and slowly increase the Voltage to reach up to 35.35V in RMS using + symbol Push Button in the Power Module kit.
- Note: The Voltage Adjustment Controls are a pair of push buttons to finely adjust the voltage to required value.
- Switch on the driver power switch.
- Connect CRO probes across the R load to measure the output voltage.
- Vary the firing angle as mentioned in the “Exp5_Part B.doc” file.
- Observe the Output voltage waveforms in the DSO.

- Connect the circuit as shown in above figure (with RL load (R=12.5 ohms, L = 6mH)).
- Switch ON the MCB of 3Ø supply on the Left hand side of your Experimental Table.
- Switch ON the MCB on the POWER MODULE kit.
- Switch ON the MCB on the SCR-Diode Power module and slowly increase the Voltage to reach up to 35.35V in RMS using + symbol Push Button in the Power Module kit.
- Note: The Voltage Adjustment Controls are a pair of push buttons to finely adjust the voltage to required value.
- Switch on the driver power switch.
- Connect DSO probes across the R and L load to measure the output voltage.
- Vary the firing angle as mentioned in the “Exp5_Part B.doc” file.
- Observe the Output voltage waveforms in the DSO.

Obtain the results as following:

1. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Input voltage
- b) Input Current
- c) Output Voltage
- d) Output Current in Simulink (at firing angle 45°)

2. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Thyristor Voltage
- b) Thyristor current in Simulink (at firing angle 45°)

3. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Output Voltage (at firing angle 45°) (experimentally from the DSO)

4. Calculate Performance parameters with R-Load (in Simulink)

S. no | Firing angle (measured in time) msec | Firing angle (measured in time converted into angle) degrees | Average Output voltage | RMS Output voltage | Average Output Current | RMS Output Current |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1. | 0 msec | 0° | ||||

2. | 2.5 msec | (2.5/10*180°) = 45° | ||||

3. | 5 msec | 90° | ||||

4. | 7.5 msec | 135° |

5. Calculate Performance parameters for R-Load (Experimentally)

S. no | Firing angle (measured in time) msec | Firing angle (measured in time converted into angle) degrees | Average Output voltage | RMS Output voltage |
---|---|---|---|---|

1. | 0 msec | 0° | ||

2. | 2.5 msec | (2.5/10*180°) = 45° | ||

3. | 5 msec | 90° | ||

4. | 7.5 msec | 135° |

1. Attach the circuit diagram of Single phase Fully Controlled Rectifier (Converter) with RL load in MATLAB Simulink.

2. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Input Voltage
- b) Input Current
- c) Output Voltage
- d) Output Current in Simulink (at firing angle 45°)

3. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Thyristor Voltage
- b) Thyristor current in Simulink (at firing angle 45°)

4. Attach the waveforms of:

- a) Output Voltage (at firing angle 45°) (experimentally from the DSO)

5. Calculate Performance parameters for RL-Load (in Simulink)

S. no | Firing angle (measured in time) msec | Firing angle (measured in time converted into angle) degrees | Average Output voltage | RMS Output voltage | Average Output Current | RMS Output Current |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

1. | 0 msec | 0° | ||||

2. | 2.5 msec | (2.5/10*180°) = 45° | ||||

3. | 5 msec | 90° | ||||

4. | 7.5 msec | 135° |

6. Calculate Performance parameters for RL-Load (Experimentally)

S. no | Firing angle (measured in time) msec | Firing angle (measured in time converted into angle) degrees | Average Output voltage | RMS Output voltage |
---|---|---|---|---|

1. | 0 msec | 0° | ||

2. | 2.5 msec | (2.5/10*180°) = 45° | ||

3. | 5 msec | 90° | ||

4. | 7.5 msec | 135° |