A single-phase, two-wire transmission line, 15 km long, is made up of round conductors, each 0.8 cm in diameter, separated from each other by 40 cm. Calculate the equivalent diameter of a fictitious hollow, thin-walled conductor having the same inductance as the original line. What is the value of this inductance?

The fictitious conductor is one whose radius is \(r^{'}\) and whose diameter is therefore \[2r^{'}=re^{-1/4}=0.8\times0.7788=0.623~\text{cm}\]

Then the inductance of 15 km of such a conductor is \[\begin{aligned} L & =4\times10^{-7}\times l\times ln\dfrac{GMD}{GMR}\\ & =4\times10^{-7}\times15\times10^{3}\times ln\dfrac{40}{0.5\times0.623}\\ & =29.13~\text{mH} \end{aligned}\]

A seven identical copper strands conductor, each having a radius \(r\), is shown in the fig. Find the GMR of the conductor.

The GMR of the 7 strand conductor \[\begin{aligned} D_{s} & =\sqrt[49]{\left(r^{'}\right)^{7}\left(D_{12}^{2}D_{26}^{2}D_{14}D_{17}\right)^{6}\left(2r\right)^{6}}\\ & =\sqrt[49]{\left(0.7788r\right)^{7}\left(2^{2}r^{2}\times3\times2^{2}r^{2}\times2^{2}r\times2r\times2r\right)^{6}}\\ & =\dfrac{2r\times\sqrt[7]{3\times0.7788}}{\sqrt[49]{6}}=2.177r \end{aligned}\]

The outside diameter of the single layer of aluminum strands of an ACSR conductor shown in fig. is 5.04 cm. The diameter of each strand is 1.68 cm. Determine the 50 Hz reactance at 1 m spacing; neglect the effect of the central strand of steel and advance reasons for the same.

Diameter of steel stand = 5.04 - 2 \(\times\) 1.68 = 1.68 cm

Thus all strands are of diameter \(d\).
For the arrangement of the strands \[\begin{aligned}
D_{12} & =D_{16}=d\\
D_{13} & =D_{15}=\sqrt{3}d\\
D_{14} & =2d\\
D_{s} &
=\sqrt[36]{\left[\left(\dfrac{d^{'}}{2}\right)d^{2}\left(\sqrt{3}d\right)^{2}\left(2d\right)\right]^{6}}
\end{aligned}\]

Substituting \(d^{'}=0.7788d\) and simplifying

\(D_{s} = 1.155d = 1.155 \times 1.68 = 1.93~\text{cm}\) \(D_m \simeq D\) since \(D \gg d\)

Now, the inductance of each conductor is \[L = 0.461 log \dfrac{100}{1.93} = 0.789
mH/km\] Loop inductance = \(2 \times
0.789 = 1.578\) mH/km

Loop reactance = \(1.578 \times 314 \times
10^{-3} = 0.495\) ohms/km

One circuit of a single-phase transmission line is composed of three solid 0.25 cm radius wires. The return circuit is composed of two 0.5 cm radius wires. The arrangement of conductors is shown in the Fig. Find the inductance due to the current in each side of the line and the inductance of the complete line?

Find the GMD between \(X\) and \(Y\) \[\begin{aligned} GMD=D_{m} & =\sqrt[6]{D_{ad}D_{ae}D_{bd}D_{be}D_{cd}D_{ce}}\\ D_{ad} & =D_{be}=9m\\ D_{ac} & =D_{bd}=D_{ce}=\sqrt{6^{2}+9^{2}}=\sqrt{117}\\ D_{cd} & =\sqrt{9^{2}+12^{2}}=15m\\ D_{m} & =\sqrt[6]{9^{2}\times15\times117^{3/2}}=10.743m \end{aligned}\]

Find the GMR for side \(X\) \[\begin{aligned} GMR & =D_{s}=\sqrt[9]{D_{aa}D_{ab}D_{ac}D_{ba}D_{bb}D_{bc}D_{ca}D_{cb}D_{cc}}\\ & =\sqrt[9]{\left(0.25\times0.7788\times10^{-2}\right)^{3}\times6^{4}\times12^{2}}=0.481m \end{aligned}\]

and GMR for side \(Y\)

\[\begin{aligned} D_{s} & =\sqrt[4]{\left(0.5\times0.7788\times10^{-2}\right)^{2}\times6^{2}}=0.153~\text{m}\\ L_{x} & =2\times10^{-7}\times ln\dfrac{10.743}{0.481}=6.212\times10^{-7}H/m\\ L_{y} & =2\times10^{-7}\times ln\dfrac{10.743}{0.153}=8.503\times10^{-7}H/m\\ L & =L_{x}+L_{y}=14.715\times10^{-7}H/m \end{aligned}\]

Determine the inductance of a 3-phase line operating at 50 Hz and conductors arranged as follows. The conductor diameter is 0.8 cm.

The self GMD or GMR of the conductor \[=\dfrac{0.7788\times0.8}{2\times100}=0.003115~m\] The mutual GMD of the conductor \[=\sqrt[3]{1.6\times3.2\times1.6}=2.015~m\] \(\therefore\) The inductance per km \[\begin{aligned} & =2\times10^{-4}ln\dfrac{2.015}{0.003115}\\ & =1.294~\text{mH/km} \end{aligned}\]

Determine the inductance per km per phase of a single circuit 460 kV line using two bundle conductors per phase as shown in the fig. The diameter of each conductor is 5 cm.

Assuming the effect of transposition to be negligibly small, \[\begin{aligned} D_{s} & =\sqrt{0.025\times0.4\times0.7788}=0.08825m\\ D_{m} & =\sqrt[3]{6.5\times13\times6.5}=8.19m \end{aligned}\]

Inductance per km/phase = \(2\times10^{-4}ln\dfrac{8.19}{0.08825}=0.906~\text{mH/km/phase}\)